He added that the national dialogue’s final report will not be given to the president. Salva Kiir Mayardit (born 20 August 1951), also known as Salva Kiir, is a South Sudanese politician who has been President of South Sudan since its independence in 2011. Machar has publicly apologized for any role in the Bor massacre. country from disintegration and foreign intervention; and usher in a new era of peace, security, stability, and prosperity. Kiir demands that Machar signs a letter of undertaking for Olony to be appointed. Between April and July 2016 Machar served as the First Vice President of South Sudan. “In light of the predicament the country is in, the demand of the people that South Sudan has a better chance of a successful political transition if President Kiir and Dr. Machar were to step aside, is quite understandable,” the report added. Machar denied the accusation but soon took lead of rebels fighting against Kiir and the SPLM-led government. President Salva Kiir, second from right, and Vice President Riek Machar, second from left, after previous talks in November on a proposed unity government, which fell through. The much-publicised return to the capital of Riek Machar, former rebel and South Sudan’s first vice president, should symbolise a positive, working relationship with his rival, President Salva Kiir. "So, we know that that is something that is certainly salient on his mind as well as the minds of many other South Sudanese." On VOA's Press Conference USA John Campbell, who is a veteran U.S. diplomat who is now at the Council on Foreign Relations, said it appears individual agendas have replaced unity. She says a lot of the current tension between Machar and President Kiir, a Dinka, date back to this incident. facilitate the process and to develop the agenda of the dialogue. The East African (Nairobi) analysis By Fred Oluoch. On Thursday, Kiir's office announced that leadership of six of the 10 states would go to Kiir's side, three would go to Machar's side and one would go to an alliance aligned with neither Kiir nor Machar. In 2018, President Kiir and his former Vice-President and long-time political rival, Mr. Machar, signed a peace accord with the hopes that it would end the crisis and improve the lives and safety of … He is designated to be the First Vice President according to the new "revitalized" peace agreement signed in September 2018. Salva Kiir Mayardit, also known as Salva Kiir, is a South Sudanese politician who has been President of South Sudan since its independence in 2011. "President Kiir had been accused extensively by a number of people that he fired back in July, including the former vice president, that he had been heavy-handed and undemocratic and developing dictatorial tendencies," he said. However, it suggests a carefully considered transition to avoid any resultant chaos, cautioning that an abrupt or poorly planned resignation of both of them could be destabilizing. The meeting took place in Machar's place in the country's capital, Juba. Further, they say if the two leaders decide to stay on until the end of the Transitional Period, the unity government should be dissolved three months before the next elections. Jok says Machar and some of the other party members became more openly critical of Kiir after he dismissed them in a July 2013 Cabinet purge. So says Jok Madut Jok, the head of the Sudd Institution, a South Sudan think tank. Dr Machar said, by clinging onto these administrative areas, Kiir was opening a “Pandora’s box.” Kiir also faced growing tensions within the SPLM, signs of which were evident throughout 2013 and culminated in an incident on December 15 that Kiir claimed was a coup attempt by his former vice president and SPLM rival, Riek Machar. Kiir: 'I and Machar have forgiven each other' Kiir made the comments while addressing a jubilant crowd during the peace celebration in the capital Juba on Wednesday. The President’s stated objectives for the National Dialogue were to end violent conflicts; reconstitute political consensus; save the So in the end, they rejected this final report which is on social media now so it is not going to be given to the president.”. Machar was sacked as vice president in 2013 and later accused of plotting a coup against Kiir, kickstarting a civil war characterised by violence, rape and UN warnings of ethnic cleansing. Thousands Flee S. Sudan Town as Government Troops Advance, South Sudan Peace Talks Stuck on Issue of Detainees, Uganda's S. Sudan Involvement Sparks Controversy, Amid South Sudan Fighting, One Rebel Leader Seeks Peace, US Marks 400th Anniversary of Arrival of First Africans, The Dragon's Reach - China's Economic Power Play. Copyright 2021. Les forces gouvernementales fidèles au président Salva Kiir y affrontent les rebelles. South Sudan's President Salva Kiir and arch-rival Riek Machar, his sacked vice-president, have spent the past 20 months locked in combat. President Salva Kiir and his first deputy Riek Machar have asked ministers to fight corruption as they rollout government programs. Both are former rebel leaders who rose to power during Sudan's 1983-2005 civil war between north and south, after which South Sudan seceded in 2011 to form the world's youngest country. Ce fut leur deuxième rencontre en face à face. À l’origine de ce conflit, une rivalité entre le président Sava Kiir et son ex-vice-président, Riek Machar… "Sometimes there would be agreement on issues or programs to be implemented and the vice president, being the top administrator in the country, would sometimes fail to implement what has been agreed upon," he said. The report says one of the options is to consider the stepping down of the two leaders immediately — if it is acceptable to the people and both leaders. "An opening up of the party to enable challenges within the leadership would always, I think, entail some conflict. On July 23, 2016, less than two weeks after Kiir and Machar declared ceasefires to end the fighting in Juba, Kiir appointed then-Minister of Mining Taban Deng Gai, the former lead opposition negotiator in the peace talks, to replace Machar as First Vice President. The report says: “No transition or arrangement in which President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar take part together will succeed. Machar hugging Kiir at State House. Machar hugging Kiir at State House Ambassador of the African Union (AU) to South Sudan, Prof. Jorom Mukama Biswaro in November told Machar’s team that “you cannot stay in the expensive hotels, spent extravagantly and then point fingers on the government for not funding the … Riek Machar.....respect the agreement please! But should not include some resolutions that came out from the grassroots consultation like the issue of the president.”. UN representatives reported heavy exchanges of gunfire near their headquarters in the suburb of Jebel. The three leaders have described Amb Telar as a “liberator.” Telar who was also the former South […] Salva Kiir Mayardit | president of South Sudan | Britannica Kiir said the new government will be formed on Saturday and he will appoint Machar as his first vice president, or top deputy, on Friday. President kiir.....I don’t care. But the government's unity attempt has faltered. The two disagree over who will run South Sudan's states and how to integrate different fighting forces. President kiir..... if I arrest you now Riek Machar, what will you do? Prior to independence, he was President of the Government of Southern Sudan, as well as First Vice President of Sudan, from 2005 to 2011. Opposition leader Riek Machar and President Salva Kiir shake hands in Juba for the first time since 31 October last year. 7 months ago PaanLuel Wël . United Nations experts said in January that Kiir and Machar are both responsible for most of the violence committed during the war, now in its third year despite an August 2015 peace deal. PaanLuel Wël. The peace deal was signed two years ago but not much has been accomplished. South Sudan’s former vice president and opposition leader Riek President Salva Kiir, opposition leader Dr. Riek Machar, and the leader of the National Democratic Movement Dr. Lam Akol have separately sent their condolences to the family of the former South Sudan Ambassador to Russia, Telar Ring Deng. Kiir and Machar are also yet to agree on who administers three controversial areas of Pibor, Ruweng and Abyei created by the president of the country ravaged by war since 2013. "And, I think there is at least some of that underway now in South Sudan." President Salva Kiir, right, and Riek Machar. "President Kiir has been drawing on those memories and referencing them, even in his public statements," Kumar said. Soliman says South Sudan's leadership is also beginning to feel the pressures of generational change, which may include moving away from the military-style leaders who ushered the nation into existence. All rights reserved. The first vice president has accused the SPLM in government of engaging in a series of ceasefire violations and creating a stalemate in the security sector reforms.. Dr. Riek Machar believes President Salva Kiir’s party is not discharging enough political will to implement parts of the revitalized peace deal. Kiir and Machar – who lives in exile – are under increasing international pressure to resolve their differences by a February 22 deadline. https://eyeradio.org/people-want-kiir-machar-to-step-aside-nd-report Ce fut leur deuxième rencontre en face à face. "The ministry of defense has this declaration of ceasefire by the Sudan People Liberation Army towards forces of David Yau Yau following the progress of negotiations that have been on-going for the last three months," South Sudanese Army spokesman Philip Aguer said…. President Kiir had accused Mr Machar of plotting a coup to overthrow him, which Mr Machar denied. Other is to develop a framework for managing diversity; Develop a mechanism for allocating and sharing resources; Settle social disputes and sources of conflict (cattle raiding, child abduction, communal violence, cattle, and human migration); Set a stage for an integrated and inclusive national development strategy. And, we may be seeing some of that now," he said. Riek Machar continue de refuser d'intégrer le futur gouvernement, exigeant des mesures de confiance supplémentaires. Riek Machar.....okay try and see, this time around am very dangerous. They include; End political and communal violence in the country; recommend how to properly transform the military; redefine and re-establish stronger national unity; restructure the state, and renew social contract between the citizens and their government. While the war had political origins, it also has ethnic undertones and is based on power dynamics. President Kiir and Dr. Machar hold talks in Khartoum | File photo . The final national dialogue report was released this week a month after the national conference was held in Juba in October. Kiir and Machar are required to have agreed on a unity government by that time. Le Soudan du Sud est frappé depuis le 15 décembre par de violents combats qui menacent de dégénérer en guerre civile. If you want to get to the core of the friction between Kiir and Machar, you have to go back at least five years. The leader of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army in Opposition (SPLM/A-IO), former Vice President Riek Machar, arrived in Juba on September 9, 2019 to meet with President Salva Kiir in an attempt to work out outstanding issues inhibiting the implementation of the September 2018 peace agreement known as the revitalized agreement on the resolution of the conflict in South Sudan … Machar, at one point, moved out of the Sudan People's Liberation Army. Chan Dhel disclosed to Eye Radio that members of the SPLM party in the National Dialogue Steering Committee have rejected the final report for including public views that call for the two leaders to step aside. Ambassador of the African Union (AU) to South Sudan, Prof. Jorom Mukama Biswaro in November told Machar’s team that “you cannot stay in the expensive hotels, spent extravagantly and then point fingers on the government for not funding the … Chapter Five of the 2018 peace deal signed by Kiir, Machar and other parties calls for healing and reconciliation, besides establishment of a hybrid court to try war crimes committed during the more than six years of conflict that broke out on Dec. 15, 2013. A 2015 peace deal brought Machar back as vice president and he returned to Juba with heavy security. Le président du Soudan du Sud, Salva Kiir et le chef de l'opposition, le Riek Machar, se sont rencontrés le 11 septembre 2019 à Juba. South Sudan’s former vice president and opposition leader Riek Machar arrived in the country’s capital, Juba, on Monday to begin a series of face-to-face meetings with President Salva Kiir as they look to give much-needed impetus to the implementation of He was named Commander-in-Chief of the Sudan People's Liberation Army in 2005, following the death of John Garang. The East African (Nairobi) By Fred Oluoch. He says the deputy would attempt to undermine Kiir. However, Eye Radio was not immediately able to get a response from the Office of the President as the known phone number of the press secretary was not reachable. President kiir..... would you Run to Congo again on foot? I also appeal to the people of Dinka and Nuer to forgive one another," said Kiir. process. About Post Author. For the National Dialogue process to fulfill its objectives President Kiir issued 12 objectives. Akshaya Kumar is a South Sudan policy analyst with the Enough Project, a group that fights to end genocide and crimes against humanity. Machar is in Juba for a visit to hold talks with Kiir as both leaders seek to end the bottlenecks over the number of states and security arrangements impede the formation of coalition government. https://www.sudanspost.com/national-dialogue-disowns-anti-kiir-machar-report A face-to-face meeting between South Sudan President Salva Kiir Mayardit and opposition leader Dr Riek Machar has been adjourned, Chimp Corps report. administrator “We the willing, led by the unknowing, are doing the impossible for the ungrateful. Riek Machar..... you can never arrest me or try and see? Machar who leads the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-In-Opposition (SPLM-IO) which is in a power-sharing arrangement with President Salva Kiir’s SPLM said the Revitalized Transitional Government of National Unity (R-TGoNU) will soon start the … He is also the head of the rebel faction known as SPLM-IOthat was founded in 2014 following the 2013 war outbreak and has been historically in opposition to Kiir. The leaders may even be struggling to control their own troops. Both are former rebel leaders who rose to power during Sudan's 1983-2005 civil war between north and south, after which South Sudan seceded in 2011 to … Forces loyal to Machar were blamed for a 1991 massacre of ethnic Dinkas in the town of Bor. It suggested that a prominent national personality be chosen by parliament to take charge of the country until an elected government takes office. "Very often, behind ethnic conflict, you will find various political figures that seek to exploit ethnic identities in order to advance their own particular political agenda," he said. South Sudan's President Salva Kiir and arch-rival Riek Machar, his sacked vice-president, have spent the past 20 months locked in combat. “There are people who are calling the president and his first vice president not to contest in the coming elections. President Museveni and Lt. General Abdel Fattah Al Burhan, Chairperson of the Sudanese Sovereign Council, who are grantors of Revitalized Agreement of … According to the National Dialogue Steering Committee, the transitional period under the revitalized peace agreement is not succeeding. Twitter messages from UN humanitarian official Toby Lanzer in Bentiu say he saw 'virtually no civilians' in town center and that shops in main market have been looted, largely destroyed, Political solution to crisis remains elusive as neither side in the conflict will agree to budge on issue of political detainees, Lawmakers say government has not fully explained rationale for getting involved in South Sudan, might be better served by remaining neutral, As fighting continues between South Sudanese government troops and forces loyal to former Vice President Riek Machar, long-time rebel leader David Yau Yau has agreed to lay down arms, officials say. June 17, 2020 (JUBA) - President Salva Kiir and his first deputy Riek Machar Wednesday have stuck a deal on the allocation of the 10 states in South Sudan ending a three-month stalemate. Machar warned the three areas risked causing further problems, calling the issue a "Pandora's box". JUBA - After meeting for three hours Wednesday at South Sudan's State House, President Salva He formed a splinter group composed mostly of ethnic Nuers. We believe that the most patriotic thing for them to do is to prepare for their exit from politics with the honor, dignity, and legacy of having been the founding fathers of the independent nation of South Sudan.”. Civil war erupted in December 2013 after Kiir accused troops loyal to Machar of staging a failed coup. Analysts say a number of factors have contributed to the current tensions that have led to an escalation of violence in South Sudan. According to a copy of the document obtained by Eye Radio, the national dialogue steering committee says the two leaders must not take part in the elections if they are running against one another. Civil war erupted in December 2013 after Kiir accused troops loyal to Machar of staging a failed coup. President Salva Kiir (R) and Riek Machar (L). Fighting quickly took on an ethnic hue when … The report also recommended that none of the four vice presidents in the unity government should take part in the coming elections, although they can participate in future elections. Salva Kiir (L), President of South Sudan, and Riek Machar (R), SPLM Opposition leader, hold the hands of two clergymen during the opening prayer of the press conference of the signing of Cessation of Hostilities over the war in South Sudan on May 9, 2014 in Addis Ababa. But huge distrust remains between Mr Kiir and Mr Machar and between their forces. The rift between South Sudan's President Salva Kiir and former deputy Riek Machar has deep roots that reach back to the period before the nation's creation in 2011. The talks were planned for today Tuesday in Uganda’s capital, Kampala. You are here: Home  |  News   |   People want Kiir, Machar to “step aside” – ND report, Author: Jale Richard | Published: Thursday, December 17, 2020, President Salva Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar shake hands in Juba on Sept. 9, 2019 | credit | Garang Abraham/Eye Radio. President Kiir and Dr Riek Machar Finally Agree on Gubernatorial States Allocation 1 min read. In February 2020, Machar was resworn as vice president following a peace agreement with Salva Kiir, the current President of South Sudan. It also says it should agree on steps and guarantees to ensure safe, free, fair and peaceful elections and post-transition; agree on a strategy to return internally displaced persons and refugees to their homes, and develop a long-term framework for national peace, healing, and reconciliation. Both are former rebel leaders who rose to power during Sudan's 1983-2005 civil war between north and south, after which South Sudan seceded in 2011 to … Hon. Salva Kiir (L), President of South Sudan, and Riek Machar (R), SPLM Opposition leader, hold the hands of two clergymen during the opening prayer of the press conference of the signing of Cessation of Hostilities over the war in South Sudan on May 9, 2014 in Addis Ababa. While the war had political origins, it also has ethnic undertones and is based on power dynamics. A senior analyst with Brussels-based think tank International Crisis Group, Alan Boswell, said the disagreement between Kiir and Machar endangered the gains made so far toward a lasting peace. Ahmed Soliman, a Horn of Africa researcher at London's Chatham House, says Kiir's current problems with leadership have evolved beyond his rift with Machar and now reflect the changing nature of  the government. Kiir and Machar, who lives in exile, are under increasing international pressure to resolve their differences before a February 22 deadline. 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